Commodity/Activity scooping study – Tanzania
The East Africa Youth Inclusion Program (EAYIP) is a five-year program (2016-2021) implemented by Heifer International in Uganda and Tanzania. The program is based on Heifer’s East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) hub model aimed at improving the livelihoods 25,000 economically disadvantaged young men and women (ages 15-24). This will be achieved by creating jobs and entrepreneurship opportunities thus increasing their incomes. Therefore, the commodity/activity scoping study was conducted to identify and rank the most viable agricultural commodity and/or activity enterprises to increase youth participation in agriculture as a source of sustainable livelihoods.The study was conducted among 11 districts of Tanzania: Mbeya Rural, Rungwe and Busokelo, Mbozi, Njombe town council, Njombe district council, Wangin’gombe, Mafinga, Mufindi, Iringa district council and Kilolo. It comprised of two phases: phase I involved a thorough review of literature which went into development of secondary data report. Phase II comprised of primary data collection. A total number of 887 respondents were interviewed in Tanzania. These consisted of 262 youth aged between 15 and 18 years and 493 aged between 19 and 24 years as well as 132 key informants. Also, 22 Focus Group Discussions involving parents/guardians of the youth were held.Total population in Tanzania stood at 45 million in 2012 consisting of more females than males at 51.3%. Youth between 15 and 24 years made up 19.1% of the total population. In the districts of study where statistics were available, the youth comprise of at least 20% of total population. As reflected in the national statistics, agriculture is the mainstay of people in the survey districts to the extent of between 70-80%.
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