Characteristics of Green Grams End Markets in EAC
Out of the 143,552MT of green grams that were consumed in 2014, Kenya accounted for 96% of this followed by Tanzania (3.78%). In the same year, production of green grams in the region stood at 183,369MT attributed to Kenya (72%) and Tanzania (24%) with the rest coming from Uganda. Production and consumption of green grams in Burundi and Rwanda is negligible. Only 30% of what is produced is consumed at producers’ household level.Demand for green grams is mainly driven by population growth, relative importance of the commodity, Asian community and prices of other legumes. It worth noting that Kenyan consumer population is also rapidly growing. However, there is a growing demand for green grams in the export market that is driving production.Major production areas in Kenya are Kitui, Tharaka Nithi, Machakos, Mbeere and Mwingi districts. In Uganda, green grams are produced in the Nothern part of the country (Lira, Apac and Gulu) and the Eastern part (majorly Soroti). The major producing areas in Tanzania are Tanga, Mwanza, Shinyanga, Mtwara, Ruvuma, Morogoro among others. From a regional perspective, Tanzania and Uganda produce surpluses while Kenya is a deficit country.
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